Vedanta is the philosophy of the ancient spiritual wisdom of India and refers to universal values. Vedanta has produced many great saints and teachers whose lives embody these teachings, including Sri Sarada Devi, the Holy Mother (1853-1920) and Swami Vivekananda (1863-1902).
During her tour of the United States in August, 1996, Pravrajika Vivekaprana, a senior sannyasin of the Ramakrishna Sarada Math and Mission and the head of a Retreat Center at Pangot, India, stated:
We hear about women becoming great sages, or great discoverers in our Vedic
literature. And in between you find that women in India as well as all over the
earth, became an inferior race due to various reasons.... In the 19th Century, Sri
Ramakrishna was born in India, who pointed to the feminine power behind this
visible universe calling it the Mother and praying to it to become awakened. He
worshipped his own wife (Sri Sarada Devi, the Holy Mother). He accepted a
woman as his guru, giving tremendous reverence to the feminine form, which
had vanished in India also, though we do have tremendous reverence for
goddesses. But to the visible form of a woman, this respect was not given and he
has reinitiated this in India.
As the interpreter of Sri Ramakrishna's life, Swami Vivekananda felt that the time has come when the woman everywhere on this earth has to stand up and accept a very difficult role, the role of a teacher-mother. Because it is the woman who brings up the next generation and it is because the woman thought herself inferior that the world is what it is today, a sad place. And it is the woman who needs to become aware of her inner compassion as well as inner level of greatness so that she can give it back to the child and so that society can improve. This was his grand idea.
Through this Pioneer Women of Vedanta project, Samiti members and friends interview women who have practiced Vedanta for 25 or more years. A pioneer woman of Vedanta is a disciple of an early spiritual teacher and has made a significant contribution to the spread of Vedanta in the West. We feature some of the women here as a tribute to their dedication to personal spiritual evolution and the welfare of all. Their lives are a source of inspiration for us.
Miss Phianna Sutten (1901- 2005) was a long time Vedantin. She met her spiritual teacher in 1929 at the age of 28. Swami Ashokananda, the head of the Vedanta Society of Northern California. She commented, "In my heart was Vedanta....My life has been bound all around with Sri Ramakrishna."
Phianna graduated from Des Moines University in 1924 and later completed a library sciences degree at the University of Illinois Library School in Urbana. During her professional years as a librarian at the University of Wyoming in Laramie, she drove alone each year to San Francisco to spend her vacation and experience holy company with her teacher and spiritual companions. She ordered each volume of the Complete Works of Swami Vivekananda and studied them carefully before ordering the next volume.
Miss Sutten had already learned Latin, when Swami Ashokananda told her that Sanskrit is the language of God. She took this comment to heart and began to study the ancient Sanskrit language on her own while in Wyoming so that she could speak God's language.
When she later moved to Sacramento, she worked at the University of California Library at Davis and thereafter at the Sacramento City-County Library. She joined the Vedanta Society of Sacramento, which was established by Swami Ashokananda. She also served as a gardener at the Vedanta Society and worked tirelessly in the hot summer sun and the cold rains of winter. When asked how she could bear the severe extremes of weather, she commented, "I did repeat my mantram. It was highly uplifting. I never felt the heat."
Miss Sutten was fearless, fiercely independent and self-reliant. She graciously opened her home to many women devotees who lived far away and wanted to be close to the Vedanta Society. Some described her as the mother of our Vedanta community and her home was Mother's house.
Miss Sutten was a vegetarian most of her life of 103 years. Around the time of her birth in 1901, the Holy Mother, Sri Sarada Devi, was spending most of her time in Jayrambati and Kolkata. Swami Vivekananda had just stirred the souls of thousands at the 1893 Worlds' Parliament of Religions. And he chose to leave his body on July 4th, 1902 in conjunction with the American Independence Day. Miss Sutten's life bridged not only two centuries, but also two millennia. She witnessed the transformation of a primarily rural, agricultural economy in the United States to a technological, information-based society in a world economy. She was clear minded and well-spoken until the end of her dedicated life.Back to Top
Marie Louise Burke (1912-2004) was later known as Sister Gargi and Pravrajika Prajnanaprana. She was an acclaimed researcher on Swami Vivekananda. Her six volume work, Swami Vivekananda in the West: New Discoveries, is highly regarded in India and in Vedanta circles worldwide.
She also wrote a soul-stirring biography of her mentor and spiritual teacher, Swami Ashokananda (1893-1969). In A Heart Poured Out, Sister Gargi told the story of her illustrious teacher of the Ramakrishna Order who spent much of his life expanding the Vedanta movement in northern California while training his American students to lead authentic spiritual lives.
In Shafts of Light: Selected Teachings of Swami Ashokananda for Spiritual Practice, Sister Gargi and Dr. Shelley Brown compiled more than 800 spiritual instructions expressed in Swami Ashokananda's own engaging language. "These illuminate the path to Self-knowledge and bring Vedanta's eternal truths to the modern mind."
Sister Gargi's own spiritual memoir was presented in A Disciple's Journal. Her diary entry on Lord Buddha's birthday, June 18, 1950:
Sister Gargi traveled to India on a regular basis to conduct her research on Swami Vivekananda and to write. She was thoroughly familiar with the spiritual atmosphere there in contrast to American life in San Francisco and New York. A diary entry in 1951:
Dr. Leta Jane Lewis (1918-2009) was a student of Vedanta philosophy for over fifty years. A university professor with specialization in German. Professor Lewis met her spiritual teacher in 1951 and became a disciple of Swami Prabhavananda, the longtime head of the Vedanta Society of Southern California. She was highly regarded as a teacher, mentor, writer, and speaker. She introduced Vedanta philosophy to many.
In her book, The Ultimate Love Affair: Vedanta and the Search for God, Dr. Lewis explains the fundamentals of Vedanta. She also introduces the classic Indian scriptures. The provocative title of her book is derived from a Sufi parable in which a lover is not admitted into his sweetheart's chamber until he fully identifies himself with her. The spiritual search for complete identification with the Beloved Lord or Mother is comparable to human love and longing.
"A lover knocked on his sweetheart's door. 'Who is it?' she called. He answered, 'It is I.' The door remained closed, so he knocked again. 'Who is it?' 'It is your lover.' Since the door still did not open, he knocked a third time. 'Who is it?' 'It is thyself.' The door opened at once." Adapted from Sufi mysticism.
Through her compassion and human understanding, Dr. Lewis introduced Vedanta and the swami teachers of the Ramakrishna Order to many of her students. She writes in The Ultimate Love Affair (page 165):
Her inspiring talks at the Vedanta Society of Sacramento, California were folksy, humorous, and personal. She shared herself fully and embodied the ideals in which she believed. On January 24, 2010, she gave a lecture on "Why I am a Vedantist".
Satyamayi, Cleo Anderson (1924-2015) was a long time Vedantin. She met her spiritual teacher, Swami Shraddhananda, the head of the Vedanta Society of Sacramento in the late 1960's and served as his personal secretary for more than 35 years. She also managed the Vedanta Society Bookstore and introduced many people to Vedantic teachings through her sincere dedicated life.
Her spiritual name given by the Swami was Satyamayi meaning full of Truth. She was especially fond of the Upanishads and memorized many of the original Sanskrit verses. Among those she often quoted was the Brihadaranyaka Upanishad , "This Self is honey to all beings, and all beings are honey for this Self."
In 1993, following the Parliament of the World's Religions in Chicago, Satyamayi served as host to Most Revered Amalapranaji, the current General Secretary of the Sri Sarada Math and the Ramakrishna Sarada Mission headquartered in Dakshineswar, India. She had previously met Most Revered Ajayaprana and Revered Pravrajika Dhirapranaji of the Math in 1983 on their way to Australia to establish an ashram in Sydney.
With Swami Shraddhanandaji's encouragement and blessings, Satyamayi traveled the length and breadth of India staying at many of the ashrams of the Sri Sarada Math. She deeply loved India and spent nearly six years of her life there. While at the Institute of Culture in Kolkata, she studied Bengali and deepened her understanding of Sanskrit.
In 1997 when Revered Amalapranaji returned to Sacramento to offer inspiring retreats including "Prayer and Its Efficacy" and "God as Mother", our Sri Sarada Mahila Samiti of Northern California was seeded. Our first shrine was in Satyamayi's apartment where ten to fifteen Vedanta women met monthly for holy company, contemplation, and mutual spiritual encouragement. We gradually formed a nonprofit corporation and were established through the State of California in 2002. That seed for a women's spiritual circle of our own has taken root and blossomed in many ways over the years.
An interview was conducted by Satyamayi's friend and Vedanta sister, Claudine Stahlek, around 2004. One can gain a glimpse of Satyamayi's love for Vedanta which continued over a period of forty-five years.Back to Top
Mary (Archana) Tamraz (1948- )
Raised as a Catholic from childhood on an Iowa farm, Mary met her spiritual teacher in the early 1970's. Swami Shraddhananda Maharaj, the head of the Vedanta Society of Sacramento, California for over thirty-five years, gave her the name, Archana. At Maharaj's request, Mary served on the Vedanta Society Board of Directors as treasurer for twelve years, studied Sanskrit and participates in the Vedanta choir. She is inspired by pilgrimage to places associated with the Master, Holy Mother, and Swami Vivekananda.
She is a founding member of the Sri Sarada Mahila Samiti of Northern California, a nonprofit religious corporation classified as a public charity of the State of California and established in 2002. Now retired from salaried work, Mary dedicates the skills and knowledge gained through her personal and professional life to the efforts of the Sri Sarada Mahila Samiti as a spiritual practice. She coordinates Samiti retreats and workshops with visiting sannyasinis of India and the West. She also writes occasional articles for publication including "The Olema Women's Retreat House: A Tribute to Swami Vivekananda"; "Dig and You will Find"; and "Lady Liberty and the Vivekananda Rock Memorial".
Mary's formal education included the completion of a Bachelor of Arts in Philosophy, German and Forensics; and the Master of Arts in Interpersonal Communications and Group Dynamics from the University of the Pacific; as well as the Master of Public Administration from the University of San Francisco.
A professional career of 25 years included serving as Corporate Director of Education, Conference Planner, University and community college professor, and leadership consultant. Mary taught Public Speaking and Group Communication. With a deepening recognition of the need to weave education, professional life, and direct experience, she designed and facilitated a college series titled, Her Story Unfolds- Reclaiming the Goddess: Stories, Myths, and Sacred Images in World Cultures; and Women Sages, Saints and Mystics: Life Stories, Teachings and Prayers. She also offered community workshops, Whispers of the Soul: Reflections on the Spiritual Journey through Storytelling, Poetry, Music, and Sacred Art.
Mary states, "I am especially grateful to Swami Vivekananda and his chief Western woman disciple Sister Nivedita. Her letters and writings bring Swamiji's universal message close to my heart. In The Master as I Saw Him, Nivedita writes, "In India the word 'Mother' was for ever on his lips. He spoke of Her, as we of one deeply familiar in the household life. He was constantly preoccupied with Her. ...'And mind!, Swamiji told me, 'Make Her listen to you, when you say it! None of that cringing to Mother! Remember!'"
"Although Swami Vivekananda spent only five of his short 39 years of life traveling and speaking throughout the West, the Vedanta Societies of Europe, Canada and the United States lend continuity to his work. During the Parliament of the World's Religions in 1893, Swamiji commented, 'I have to thank you in America for the great attempt you are making to break down the barriers of this little world of ours and hope that, in the future, the Lord will help you to accomplish your purpose.' Sister Nivedita writes further, "Our Master... regarded the Order to which he belonged as one whose lot was cast for all time with the cause of Woman and the People.... 'Never forget!, he said, 'the word is, Woman and the People!'"
"It seems to me that America's Statue of Lady Liberty is a symbol of hope for humanity and the ideals of democracy. Swami Vivekananda's Rock Memorial at Kanyakumari depicts that great messenger of spiritual freedom. Both are inextricably linked. Each is an expression of tremendous personal struggle, self-sacrifice and hope for pilgrims of all nations. Over the years, each time I have seen Swamiji and Mother at Kanyakumari, as also Lady Liberty in New York, it has been a deeply moving experience. Upon my first return from Europe in 1967, our family walked up the stairs inside of the statue and we peered out over the New York Harbor through spaces in her crown! I continue to feel Lady Liberty's living presence as Mother of us all and pray that America shall one day truly bear fruit to the seeds sown here by Swami Vivekananda."A talk by Archana "Western Women Devoted to Swamiji"